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Archive for July, 2011

Voila une image qui résume l’état de notre pays: Un président qui vénère le charlatanisme

July 26, 2011 4 comments

Par: La Septieme Wilaya

Un président qui croit dans les pouvoirs des marabouts et en plus avec un regard schizophrénique sur son visage…Où allons-nous comme ça? Où va l’Algérie?

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Le Massacre de la Norvège: Estomper les frontières entre la droite et L’extrême-droite

July 26, 2011 Leave a comment

Norway’s Massacre: Blurring the Lines Between Mainstream Politics and Extreme Right Politics

By: La Septieme Wilaya

We all sat in our living-rooms watching in awe the horrific images of young boys and girls killed in their prime by another extremist. This time, this one is Norwegian. He could have been French or British or German or Italian or Dutch and the same horrific feelings would have grabbed us in the pit of our stomach. In fact, with all the extreme and poisonous political rhetoric of late, it is a wonder that images like these have not become part of our daily routine. When mainstream politicians like Merkel or Sarkozy or Geant or Fillion or Boris or Ruttle or Berlusconi embrace extreme right racist and radical rhetoric, make that rhetoric part of their daily political speech, desensitize it, trivialize it and elevate it to the highest spheres of power, then that toxic, venomous, and spiteful speech tend to have consequences. And those consequences tend to be measured in body count.

Yes ladies and gentlemen, images like these have the tendencies to be seared in our collective memory, and before senseless acts like these, we tend ask ourselves again and again, why? Why did he do that? Why did all these young people have to die like this? But deep in our hearts, we all do have an answer, or just the beginning of it. We all know that although Anders Behring Breivik committed this crime alone, he had many accomplices throughout Europe who helped him select the target, find the place, choose the time, and pull the trigger. But these accomplices are not going to stand trial or face a jury, and be held accountable for their acts. These are the kind of accomplices who walk between raindrops like magicians, and dance on razor blades like tightrope walkers from hell. These acrobatic politicians, these wordsmiths of modern political rhetoric, gently yet viciously, maleficiently, and systematically attack Europe’s multiculturalism, Europe’s Muslim community, immigrants, and colored Europeans and hold them responsible for all Europe’s ills and sufferings.

We all are used to hearing extreme speeches in the mouth of Jean Marie-Marine Le Pen or Guus Looy or Roeland Raes or Pia Kjaersgaard or Nick Griffin or Jorg Haider or Geert Wilder or any other two-bit extreme right politician. We are not and we cannot be surprised to hear Geert Wilder say that Al-Hijab is a form of terrorism or hear Nick Griffin and Marine Le Pen argue that Muslims have invaded Europe and are changing its cultural character, or hear Pia Kjaersgaard declare that multiculturalism is a death sentence to Europe’s superior culture. We expect extreme right politicians to hold speeches like these consistent with their political ideology.  However, what we do not expect is when mainstream conservative politicians start shopping in the extreme right grocery stores of hate and intolerance.  Faced with their political failures, and their inability to create jobs and a sustainable economic growth, mainstream right politicians slowly started a systemic radicalization of their political rhetoric. We all heard Berlusconi’s prejudicial description of Italian Muslims and all Muslims as backwards people with backwards culture. We all heard Sarkozy’s attacks on French Muslims. We all heard Geant’s Nazi like declaration about multiculturalism. We all heard Merkel, Boris Johnson, and Cameron declaring multiculturalism a failure and a danger to Europe’s “mainstream identity.” We also all witnessed racist (and unconstitutional in most instances) laws passed by French, Belgian, German, Dutch, Italian, and Swiss parliaments banning the Islamic scarf, banning Al-Niqab, banning the construction of mosques, curbing asylum demands from Muslim countries and so on.

All of this political radicalization took place in an environment rife with hate speech and extreme rhetoric. The speech that used to be taboo has become trivialized and banalized. The lines between the extreme right parties and the mainstream right parties have been blurred. In an attempt to attract the extreme right vote and courting the extremists, mainstream politicians prostituted themselves on the extreme right sidewalks. It became almost impossible to distinguish between and extreme right politicians talking on television and a mainstream politicians, unless we read the nametags.

It is in this poisonous environment created by mainstream conservative politicians that Anders Behring Breivik evolved. He saw what used to be taboo become mainstream. He witnessed his leaders validating all his sick extremist theories. He saw that his beliefs are no longer shameful or outside societal boundaries. This comfort that all these mainstream conservative politicians have given him pushed him to act out his psychopathic fantasies. And act out he did. And he did not do it alone.

Le sondage du NouvelObs Ifop-France-Soir publié vendredi 22 juillet: Un cas classique de mauvaise méthodologie

July 25, 2011 1 comment

NouvelObs Ifop-France-Soir poll: Lack of accuracy and rigor due to bad methodology

By: La Septieme Wilaya

I was reading the NouvelObs this morning and an article handicapping the French presidential race caught my eye. It was a poll conducted and published by Ifop-France-Soir (published Friday July 22nd).  It was not so much the results of the poll that triggered my curiosity or the absence of sampling error (you have to go to the Ifop website and download the entire poll to find the sampling error), but the methodology; it was an online poll done according to the quota sampling methodology. When I read this–i.e., quota sampling and online polling–I am usually very suspicious of the results.

So what is the problem with quota sampling or as it is more accurately known non-probability quota sampling? (Henceforth, I am going to refer to non-probability quota sampling or quota sampling as non-probability sampling). Well, before we focus on the problems of non-probability sampling, we first need to understand what it is.  Unlike probability sampling, non-probability sampling is not based on random sampling. With random sampling, each member of the population has the same probability at being included in a given sample.  So, non-probability sampling is not based or cannot depend upon the rationale of probability theory. If the probability that each member of the population could be selected in the sample is not the same, therefore a sample derived by non-probability sampling technique may or may not be representative of the entire population. With this in mind, the accuracy and rigorousness of the study  (in this case the Ifop-France-Soir poll) based on non-probability sampling is at best shaky or at worse total nonsense.

The built-in assumption in non-probability sampling is that the assembled sample has the same proportions and the same characteristics and traits as the entire population.  Though this is feasible, it is extremely hard to make sure that our sample of individuals gathered to be asked a certain set of questions about a certain number of candidates has truly all the proportions and characteristics of the entire population without random sampling. This is by no means saying that non-probability sampling can never be used. There are instances, of course, where non-probability sampling is preferable (and we leave that conversation aside for another day), but certainly not in the case of assessing the opinion of the public in an election year.

To understand why non-probability sampling lacks accuracy, we need to understand how it is usually done? First, the pollster divides the population into exclusive subgroups. Second, the pollster must identify the proportions of these subgroups. Then s/he selects a set of individuals from the various subgroups while taking into consideration the proportions mentioned in the previous step. The final step is to make sure that the sample is representative of the entire population. Not to bore the reader with statistical mambo-jumbo, a set of standard controls is used to ensure that the proportions of the subgroups and the individuals selected are representative of the entire population. In most cases, three controls are used generally: sex or gender, age, and social status. Each control is usually divided into sub-categories like age brackets or income levels. However, it is up to the interviewers or the pollster to determine which individual belongs to which subgroup. So, there is a wide room for interpretation here; and who says room for interpretation says measurement error and systemic bias as well.  And we go from having a representative sample to having a skewed and biased one.

Although non-probability sampling might have the appearance of a sampling technique that is representative of the population, well it is not, especially in public opinion surveys. We need always to remember that only the selected characteristics of the population are taken into consideration in forming the subgroups. What does that mean? It means that the characteristics forming our subgroups are most likely overrepresented in relation to the entire population. If, as is the case of the Ifop-France-Soir poll, we are only selecting our subgroups on gender, age, and professional status, there are plenty of other socioeconomic characteristics that we are not controlling for in our sample. By not controlling for these characteristics, our sample has most likely a skewed representation of the characteristics chosen—i.e., overrepresentation of the characteristics chosen and under or overrepresentation of the characteristics not chosen (since we really don’t know).  Briefly stated, we really do not know that the sample we have is truly representative of the entire population, therefore the numbers derived from such a sample are statistically meaningless. Add to serious problem, internet polling where subjects self-select themselves to answer a set of question, and you have a poll that lacks scientific basis. Briefly stated, a poll that cannot be trusted.

In sum, serious polling or serious public opinion researchers tend to prefer probabilistic or random sampling methodologies over non-probabilistic quota sampling ones because we simply consider random sampling to be more accurate and rigorous. It is backed by probability theories and years of scientific research.

Cette terre est ma terre. Ce pays est mon pays.

July 12, 2011 6 comments

This Land is My Land. This Country is My Country

Par: La Septieme Wilaya

I do not feel like analyzing today. I do not feel like talking softly, moderately, objectively, and rationally today because I want to talk from the heart. I want to let my most primal voice howl into the night my deepest and darkest anger, my furor, and my murderous rage. For years, this anger, this rage, and this furor have been fueled by this thuggish regime of ours—i.e., the Algerian regime—by a bunch of mobster-like generals who enslaved an entire nation for almost half a century. For what? So one would be called “general sugar”, the other “general coffee” and another “general tires.” So, they could fight like famished hyenas over the resources of this poor tired country and forget their primary duties. And forget, they did.

Almost 50 years since our independence, I can safely say that if we objectively measured the progress we have made politically, economically, socially, scientifically, culturally, and humanly as a country, we would probably measure it in months, not years. That is the real yardstick by which all Algerians must judge these  generals and this leadership that drove this country into the ground.

Every week our country sinks deeper into total despair,  mediocrity, and oblivion. Every week brings its lot of somber and gloomy news. The weight of the depressing news was so heavy these last couple of months that they felt like centuries. It started with the masquerade ball wrapped into a charade of the so-called constitutional reform commission. What a joke that commission was! Are they kidding us? Do they think we are a bunch of morons? Apparently, they do because unsurprisingly this regime thinks that it could sell that horse manure to the Algerian people; and undeniably, it would do so. Do you know why? Because our education system is as good as the madrassas during the Taliban reign. Our education system has been a sham from grade school to graduate school. And when you have an educational system like this, you could shovel horse manure all day long, and it would be eaten like caviar.

The crown jewel of any education system is its university, and the scientific and intellectual accomplishments cooked in the halls of that august institution, which shine and pave the way of the future for any given country. Well, don’t get your knickers in a twist folks. Our university system is a glorified madrassa. It was ranked among the last universities in Africa by the Shanghai report. And to add insult to injury, it turns out that our university is dead last in innovation according to the latest Global Innovation Index.

What does it mean to be “last in innovation”? It means that our university is brain-dead, in the coma, muerto, rigor mortis. It means that our students cannot formulate an original and scientifically structured thought. It means that the basic research methodology—i.e., scientific method—is nonexistent in our universities. It means that we are years—sorry I should have said we are decades–behind in every field you can think of. It means that our students do not have any critical thinking based on scientific reasoning. It means that our students (and you can add faculty to the lot) cannot absorb, understand, and analyze the latest research produced in the top-tier universities in the world. It means that the mediocrity that rises to the top and permeates our universities’ halls would eventually settles down and permeates the entire society. It means that conspiracy theories, spurious relationships, correlational mambo-jumbos are rampant among our youth, elderly, men, women, educated and not-so-educated people. You don’t believe me? Well, go on youtube and listen to our dear Algerian compadres talk about the economy or the Arab revolutions or globalization or the situation in Algeria or any other topic. If you think that youtube is not  representative of the whole Algerian population, I grant you that, and probably you are right. Well then, go to any coffeehouse in Algiers or Oran or Annaba or Constantine and listen to our educated elite talk about any of the aforementioned topics, and you would feel like shooting yourself in the head with a howitzer cannon.

See, I travel quite a bit, and have met many people from many countries. Over the years,  I have talked to several people from the Arab world and from other regions, and I have never encountered such a solemn belief in conspiracy theory like in Algeria. It has become a science. It is a way of thinking. Why and how did we arrive at this situation? The how is easy and can be summarized in one sentence: decades of failed educational policies. Period. There is no more or less than that. The why, however, is more complicated to explain.

To understand the why, you have to understand the role and the impact of an educated population on the direction of a country. To understand the why I call upon a North Korean man whom I briefly met and had lunch with a couple of years ago. This North Korean man was born in the early 1950s, worked for several years in the ministry of education in North Korea during Kim Il-Sung reign, before he fled the country to China, and made his way to the United States. The motto of the ministry of education during those years was “Teach them to Read and Write, Not to Think.” This motto was not an official policy of course, but it was the desirable objective. It was forcefully inspired from the wisdom of the Dear Leader Kim, who had one goal: to keep the population in check so they don’t question the system and believe that the Dear Leader was a godsend blessing.  And even if they questioned the system, as my North Korean interlocutor explained that day, they would not be able to imagine alternatives to the system they live in; and even if they did imagine some, they would feel overwhelmed, powerless, and quickly abandon those serendipitous and subversive thoughts.

Of course, Algeria is not North Korea, you may say. I agree with that. We do enjoy some liberties that the North Koreans do not. Nevertheless, the unintended or intended failed education policies since 1962 have led to accomplishing the exact same goal so dearly desired by the Dear Leader Kim. A population that is incapable of imagining another path for itself than the one chosen by the thuggish generals. You might think I am exaggerating a bit, but this is exactly the objective sought after through the implementation year after year of those utterly failed policies: an educational system that is not based on science, but on filling up the brains of generations of students with useless, unchecked, and unchallenged information resulting in a docile population that does not critically think anymore.

This system has produced a population that massively believes that “a ruquiya” is a valid medical treatment. Yes folks, you read it right: “ruquiya.”  The charlatanism of performing “ruquiyas” or “exorcisms” or “spells against the devil” or “spells against the evil eye” or “love potions” or “amulets for good fortune and wealth”  has become a normal practice in nowadays Algeria. People would prefer going to a charlatan to get a reading from the holy book, Al Qur’an, or an amulet against some illness thinking that holy verses whispered in the right ear or written on a small piece of wood would magically cure their illnesses rather than going to a physician. Even more dangerous or should I say more depressing is that physicians themselves perform “ruquiyas” in their medical offices these days. Just pause for one second, reread the last sentence, and meditate on its dreadful seriousness. Yes physicians.  Yes, those students who went to medical school for years, studied hard, pulled all-nighters, and have a license to practice medicine have become just like any other charlatan who believes that reading a couple of verses from Al Qur’an on a patient would cure his illness.  Folks, this is not an isolated phenomenon. It is everywhere; it is rampant.  I witnessed it with my own eyes. I thought that I was in the 13th century during the heydays of the dark ages and the inquisition.  When I saw a physician reading verses from the Qur’an on a bottle of water, a thought came to my mind: this physician does not believe in any basic scientific facts, and he is not convinced by them or by scientific inquiry. He would rather call upon some dark magic or good spirit (it doesn’t matter to me) than use his scientific knowledge and training. When I arrived at that conclusion, I felt deeply saddened, depressed and sick to my stomach, and a wave of dark pessimism overwhelmed my being.  I wanted to vomit and cry at the same time, but I quickly got angry; angry at our leadership who for years pushed, cajoled, nurtured, favored and even institutionalized ignorance via failed policies. This medieval thinking has been caused by our government. It is the direct result of this and previous governments failed policies.

Where the hell are we going like this? Are we going to open Hogwart’s School of Witchcraft and Wizardry next?

This is the essence of the medieval mindset—i.e., interpreting natural phenomena through mystical and metaphysical explanations. Half century after our independence, physicians in Algeria perform “ruquiyas” in their medical offices! When you have a population that believes in that, that population is ready to believe in any crazy theory about any political, economic, cultural, or social event. It is a population that is easily manipulated. It is a population that thinks Khaddafi is a great leader and Saddam is still alive; Osama is a blessed martyr and probably is alive somewhere; the CIA with the Mossad flew planes into the World Trade Center and killed 3000 of their own people; Tunisians and Egyptians are brainless people who were manipulated by some kind of pro-democracy NGO–aka CIA–to topple their regimes; women are intellectually inferior, women can be beaten as long as you don’t hit them on the face; women cannot be judges; Ali Belhadj could have been a great president; Boumediene was a great president; Arabisation is a successful policy; the Algerianization of the managers and leaders is to further our independence from the west; Algeria is a rich country; Algeria is a crucially important and powerful country geopolitically; Algerian people are the greatest people in the history of humanity; Bouteflika walks on water, and so forth and so on. It is a population that acts solely through its emotions without using its cognitive power. And to make matters even worse, it is a population without a thinking elite whose role, every once in awhile, is to make sure that the societal train does not derail completely. Briefly stated, it is a leader-less, elite-less uneducated population that is ripe to live under a dictatorship, and does not know how to get rid of it.

This is what this regime has done. Witness the greatest crime this regime has ever committed! Behold this population that is sinking into oblivion and does not even know it! Witness how this regime has glorified and elevated charlatanism to the highest spheres of power! Behold the greatest bankruptcy of all, the intellectual bankruptcy of an entire country!

I really do not care much about the billions of dollars they have embezzled throughout the years. Material loss can easily be replaced. However, intellectual and human bankruptcy would take decades, if not generations to fix. And because of this greatest and gravest crime committed on this helpless population, I call from the bottom of my heart with every fiber of my being for this regime to collapse; for these generals to leave; for this pestilence to disappear. To those who say that I wish to bring death, destruction and chaos upon my people and shed more blood, I respectfully respond: is there a greater destruction, chaos, and crime than the total intellectual and human bankruptcy of an entire nation? In my book, there isn’t.

Algeria is my land and the land of my forefathers. This is the land for whom members of my family shed their blood for its liberation. This land does not belong to these back-door-dealing, price-fixing, bride-taking, murderous generals. It belongs to me and to every Algerian, and as long as these generals are in power, and as long as I have one breath left in my body, I will yell and scream over and over and over “Yasqut Al Nidame.”  And one day soon, I will  watch in jubilation this regime collapse like a sand castle swept away by a rising tide. That day, the hard work begins anew.

L’Algérie Classée Dernière au Monde: Pleurons le Sort de Notre Pays!

July 7, 2011 3 comments

Par: Si Tahar

Aux dernières nouvelles et après la catastrophe de notre “Classement de Shangaï “–le classement, rappelons-nous les faits, qui a classé l’université Algérienne dans les dernières positions en Afrique–l’Algérie vient d’être classée dernière au monde ( L’Algérie occupe la 125ème position sur 125 pays) par l’Indice mondial de l’innovation (GII: Global Innovation Index), indice réalisé par l’INSEAD–école supérieure de commerce de renommée mondiale.

Laissez moi rire un instant, ou plutôt pleurer sur le sort de notre pays! L’Algérie, dernier pays au Monde en matière d’innovation!

Quoi de plus normal, quand on connait un peu la situation. La fin des années 70 a connu la pire gabegie avec la fameuse “algérianisation” des cadres, processus à l’origine du marasme intellectuel en général et de la profonde léthargie de notre université en particulier.

Cette façon de faire, complètement politicienne, a progressivement donné les commandes de tous les secteurs de la production intellectuelle (universités, instituts, académies et écoles nationales) à tous les défenseurs du statut quo politique. Ce fut, bien sûr, l’arrivée d’illustres jeunes estampillés “FLN” aux postes universitaires. Cette situation s’amplifia avec les méthodes honteuses de validation des cursus basés sur des travaux pour le mieux douteux quand ils existent. Eh, oui ! On a découvert dans la suite, des professeurs en tout genre, “es” toutes qualités, sans la moindre publication référencée. Qui conditionnent la suite et entretiennent la médiocrité.

Rien d’étonnant, donc. Cet index en matière d’innovation, aurait pu nous hisser très haut dans le concert des nations. Encore fallait-il nous tester non pas en innovation, mais en apoptose.

Eh, oui. Le massacre continue…. à la satisfaction des larbins du pouvoir.

12 août 1963, Ferhat Abbas disait que ce régime “évoluera vers des structures fascistes.”

July 6, 2011 3 comments

Ceci est l’intégralité de la lettre écrite par Mr. Ferhat Abbas le 12 août 1963. Cette lettre, qui a été envoyé au Président de la République de l’époque, Mr. Ben Bella, et au président de l’Assemblée Nationale, détaille et énumère les raisons qui ont poussé Mr. Ferhat Abbas à démissionner.

Les raisons qui ont poussé Ferhat Abbas à démissionner en 1963 sont toujours avec nous aujourd’hui: corruption, pouvoir personnalisé, censure, dictature, état policier, etc. Ferhat Abbas aurait pu écrire cette lettre aujourd’hui, et il aurait décrit notre condition de la manière la plus détaillée. Plus de 40 ans après, rien n’a changé, mais plutôt tout est pire qu’avant.

Voici la lettre. Bonne lecture.

Alger, le 12 août 1963: La lettre de démission de Ferhat Abbas

Pourquoi je ne suis pas d’accord avec le projet de Constitution établi par le Gouvernement ?

Donner une Constitution à la République est un acte d’une extrême importance. Il requiert notre réflexion, notre sagesse. Après l’héroïque combat pour l’indépendance, c’est un autre combat qui s’impose à nous. Le peuple tout entier et, en premier lieu, ses représentants doivent faire preuve de lucidité et de courage. La loi du silence que nous nous sommes imposée durant les sept années de luttes, parce que l’adversaire était au milieu de nous, n’a plus sa raison d’être. Le silence doit être rompu.

Avant d’engager l’avenir, celui du pays, celui de nos femmes et de nos enfants, chacun de nous doit prendre conscience de ses responsabilités pour mieux les assumer. Sinon, il renonce, par un lâche opportunisme, au devoir élémentaire de tout citoyen.

A un mois de la fin de notre mandat, ce projet vient à peine de parvenir à l’Assemblée. Par contre, par la presse, par la radio, par les conférences, dites des cadres, par des déclarations ministérielles, on tente de l’imposer au peuple.

Cette campagne est pour le moins singulière. Elle est d’autant plus anormale qu’elle tente de défendre un projet de Constitution qui ne règle aucun de nos grands problèmes. C’est pourquoi je me permets de m’élever ici solennellement contre de pareils procédés, de manifester mon désaccord et de donner les raisons de ce désaccord.

Procédure et droit :

Sur le plan de la procédure et du droit, l’Assemblée Nationale constituante et législative a été élue, sur proposition du F.L.N., avec mandat de doter le pays d’une Constitution démocratique et populaire, dans le délai d’un an.

Détentrice exclusive de la souveraineté nationale, elle est donc seule habilitée à connaître des lois dont elle a, concurremment avec le gouvernement, l’initiative. Ces lois, avant d’être disposées sur son bureau sous forme de projets ou de propositions ne sont rendues publics qu’après que l’Assemblée en soit officiellement saisie. Or, le gouvernement vient de violer cette règle fondamentale. Il a soumis à de prétendus cadres d’un parti qui, en fait, n’existe pas encore, un projet de Constitution sans que l’Assemblée en ait été informé. Faire approuver par des militants qui n’ont reçu aucun de cet ordre un texte fondamental relevant des attributions essentielles des députés, c’est créer la confusion et violer la loi.
Humilier une Assemblée souveraine, qui a toujours apporté sa collaboration loyale et son appui au gouvernement, est un geste extrêmement grave.

Le procédé relève de la mystification, de l’action psychologique. En tout état de cause, il laisse entrevoir le rôle que l’exécutif entend réserver au législatif. Avant même que la Constitution de type présidentiel n’ait été adoptée par l’Assemblée, avant qu’elle n’ait été soumise au référendum populaire, nous assistons à une action destinée à faire pression sur les Constituants et à mettre le peuple en condition. Il en résulte que l’Assemblée nationale est déjà dépouillée d’un pouvoir qu’elle détient, pourtant, du peuple souverain et du F.L.N.

Qui a choisi ces prétendus cadres ? Selon quels critères ce choix a été fait ? Pourquoi ces militants et pas d’autres ? Cette cooptation dont bénéficient «certains amis» est pour le moins arbitraire. Elle aboutit à la formation de la «République des Camarades», contre laquelle tout Algérien a le devoir de s’élever. [Souligné par le bloggeur]

Le F.L.N. ne doit pas être le parti d’une faction, mais celui du peuple – de tout le peuple – de la même manière qu’il l’a été durant la lutte armée.

Sinon il devient un sujet de division et ne peut faire qu’un travail fractionnel. Certains militants ont conservé la nostalgie des anciens partis et n’ont rien oublié. On les trouve dans la plus grande partie des postes de responsabilité. Ce retour aux divisions du passé est la négation même du F.L.N.

Le Parti devant être la «Conscience» et le «Guide» de la nation, sa formation doit être entourée de toutes les garanties. Elle doit être l’œuvre du peuple, du peuple qui travaille, celui des champs, celui des entreprises, celui des marchands, celui des usines, celui des combattants.

Or, selon les informations qui me parviennent, les fédérations et les daïras sont, dans la proportion de 80%, impopulaires. Notre peuple les subit. Les cadres choisis sont en majeure partie des budgétivores et des profiteurs. Ils se désintéressent complètement du sort des masses. Pour imposer silence à ces dernières, ils les traitent par le mépris et font peser sur elles la menace. Ce sont de nouveaux caïds. [Souligné par le bloggeur]

Nous ne sommes pas encore au stade d’un régime policier. Mais, si nous ne prenons pas garde, nous y arriverons à brève échéance. [Souligné par le bloggeur]

Le F.L.N. en n’étant que parti unique, s’il n’est pas une organisation démocratique, appelée à rassembler toutes les énergies créatrices dont notre peuple est riche, ou bien s’il n’est pas marxiste-léniniste authentique, s’appuyant sur une dictature prolétarienne, que pourrait-il être ? On peut le prédire. Il sera condamné, par la nature des choses, à évoluer vers des structures fascistes. [Souligné par le bloggeur]

Est-il pensable que les cadres actuels puissent contribuer au bien être de nos masses paysannes et à leur éducation socialiste ? L’affirmer serait un leurre.

Récemment, à Sétif, un responsable fédéral, dont le traitement, me dit-on, est de l’ordre de 100.000 francs par mois, et qui, depuis, a été révoqué, s’était attribué un appartement luxueux, une ferme de 200 hectares et l’exploitation d’un café restaurant. A de rares exceptions près, c’est de cette manière que se manifeste le militantisme des pionniers du «socialisme algérien».

Les mots sont impuissants à traduire l’amère réalité. A vouloir agir en dehors du peuple, on arrive à des résultats diamétralement opposés aux véritables objectifs socialistes et égalitaires.
Le régime présidentiel et le pouvoir personnel :

La concentration des pouvoirs entre les mêmes mains relève d’une autre forme de délire. Le projet de Constitution fait du président de la République, en même temps que le chef de l’État, le chef du gouvernement et le chef du Parti.

Pratiquement il n’y a plus de démocratie. L’Assemblée est sous la dépendance d’un homme qui nomme les ministres et qui, par le truchement du Parti, choisit les membres de l’Assemblée nationale, après avoir été choisi lui-même par le Parti.

Le dialogue entre le législatif et l’exécutif, si fructueux pour le pays, devient un simple monologue. Le peuple est absent et n’est pas représenté. Ses représentants sont de simples figurants. [Souligné par le bloggeur]

«La révolution se fait par le peuple et pour le peuple. Elle n’est ni l’œuvre d’une seule personne, ni celle d’un seul individu. Elle se fera par le peuple et pour l’intérêt de tout le peuple» (sic)

Ce slogan officiel, affiché sur nos murs et repris par la radio, est une contrevérité. Il masque la réalité.

Quant à notre jeunesse, elle sera condamnée à ne plus penser. Le régime fabriquera des robots, des opportunistes et des courtisans. Assurer le pain au peuple est, certes, un objectif primordial. Lui assurer cet autre pain qu’est la liberté de pensées et d’expression est également un bien précieux. [Souligné par le bloggeur]

La jeunesse algérienne en sera privée. La nature même des pouvoirs multiples exercés par un seul homme aura pour conséquence inévitable le culte de la personnalité. Et celui qui n’applaudira pas «inconditionnellement» le «Maître» sera considéré comme un mauvais citoyen. [Souligné par le bloggeur]

L’équilibre des pouvoirs n’existe pas. Aucun recours contre les abus d’autorité n’est prévu. Il y a bien une disposition du projet de la Constitution qui prévoit que l’Assemblée nationale peut voter une motion de censure et renverser le chef de l’État. Cette disposition est un non-sens. D’abord il n’est pas souhaitable qu’un chef d’État soit renversé. Il laisserait un vide redoutable. Ensuite et surtout, n’ayant pas été investi par l’Assemblée, cette dernière ne peut le renverser. Cette disposition est donc de pure forme. Elle est une simple clause de style.

Nous jouons à «pile ou face» le sort du pays. Si le chef d’État est un homme sage, modeste et clairvoyant, nos libertés seront sauvegardées. S’il a l’étoffe d’un Batista, le pays vivra sous la terreur. Pourquoi donc nous placer, délibérément, dans cette dangereuse alternative ?

Autre inconvénient d’un tel régime : aucun Algérien ne peut, à lui seul, porter, à bout de bras, l’Algérie. Le fardeau est trop lourd. Il arrivera que le chef de l’État, qui est en même temps chef de gouvernement, ne pourra tout faire. Il se déchargera fatalement sur son entourage d’une partie de ses responsabilités. Des hommes non mandatés par le peuple, souvent des étrangers au pays, deviendront ainsi ses véritables dirigeants. Ils ne manqueront pas d’expérimenter, au détriment de l’intérêt national, les théories les plus fantaisistes.

Un tel régime finira par engendrer des activités subversives, des coups d’État et des complots. A vouloir un «régime fort» on ouvre la porte à la subversion et au désordre. [Souligné par le bloggeur]

Un seul régime : la démocratie

La démocratie seule est salutaire. Elle ne signifie pas l’anarchie. Elle ne signifie pas un pouvoir faible. Elle signifie : le gouvernement du peuple par le peuple. Elle signifie un État hiérarchisé. Une bonne Constitution doit donner la parole au peuple. Elle doit permettre la libre discussion. Cette libre discussion, loin de nuire à la discipline nationale, permettra de révéler des cadres valables et enrichira les institutions de l’État. Un État «confisqué» est un État mort-né. [Souligné par le bloggeur]

Un chef du gouvernement, investi par une Assemblée nationale souveraine et responsable devant elle, est la seule formule qui corresponde à notre devise «par le peuple et pour le peuple».

Il est indispensable que le chef du gouvernement soit contrôlé. Il est indispensable qu’il rende des comptes aux représentants de la nation. Si nous voulons éviter les aventures, il est vital et salutaire d’associer le peuple par sa majorité et par sa minorité aux affaires publiques. [Souligné par le bloggeur]

Aux anciens peuples colonisés, nous devons donner l’exemple de la maturité politique et de la cohésion. Nous devons leur donner l’image d’un peuple majeur qui gère sainement et démocratiquement ses affaires. Avec la Constitution qui est proposée c’est toujours le provisoire qui dure, et aucun problème fondamental ne reçoit de solution valable.

Depuis l’indépendance le peuple n’a pas encore été une seule fois librement consulté. Il est temps de le faire participer à la vie publique. Il est temps qu’il retrouve son enthousiasme et sa foi. Ce peuple sait voter. Il l’a hautement prouvé. Il a surtout su résister, pendant sept ans, à l’une des plus grandes armées du monde. Il a acquis par son héroïsme le droit de choisir ses représentants et de se donner le gouvernement de son choix. Nous devons lui faire confiance. Et même s’il se trompait cette erreur serait moins grave de conséquences que le fait de le museler, et de lui imposer une camisole de force. Il a mérité mieux que cette suprême injure.

Ferhat Abbas, Député de Sétif.

 

 

Bouteflika Réprime les Journalistes et le Journalisme: Dorénavant les Journalistes Paieront la Facture!

July 4, 2011 4 comments

Vive Bouteflika le “démocrate”. Le gouvernement de notre cher  el comandante Bouteflika et les membres lobotomisés de notre  Assemblée  Populaire Nationale ont passé probablement l’une des lois les plus régressive et stupide de ces dernières années. Oui,  notre cher el comandante Bouteflika a promis la liberté de la presse avec sa main gauche (dans son discours d’Avril), et puis il nous livre de la  répression a la Pol Pot avec sa main droite.
Article: Younes Saadi, Algerie News, dimanche 3 juillet 2011